What is Stock market

A stock market, equity market, or stock market is the sum of buyers and sellers (also called stocks), which represent ownership claims on the business; These may include securities listed on the public stock exchange as well as only private trading stocks. Examples include shares of private companies sold to investors through an equity crowdfunding platform. Stock exchanges list common securities as well as other types of securities, such as corporate bonds and convertible bonds
Stock market
A stock exchange is a stock exchange where stockbrokers can buy and sell stocks, bonds, and other securities. Many large companies are publicly traded. This makes the stock more liquid and therefore more attractive to many investors. The exchange can also serve as a guarantor of the settlement. Other shares may be traded through the broker, which means "over the counter" (OTC). Some large companies will have several publicly traded shares in different countries to attract international investors.
Other types of publicly traded securities, such as tariffs or derivatives, are likely to hedge over-the-counter markets.

Stock Market Indexes

The overall performance of the stock market is usually tracked and reflects the performance of various stock market indices. Stock indices include a selection of stocks that are designed to indicate how stocks are performing overall. Stock markets are traded as index options and futures contracts, which are also in regulated exchanges.

Major stock exchanges include the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), Standard & Poor's 500 Index (S&P 500), Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index (FTSE 100), Nikkei 225 Index, Nasdaq Composite Index, and Hang Seng. Index.

Approaches to Stock Market Investing

  • Value Investing 
  • Growth Investing

There are a number of stock selection methods that employ analysts and investors, but virtually all of them are one or more of the top two main strategies for investing in value or investing for growth.
Value investors typically invest in well-established companies that have shown stable profitability over the long run and can receive regular dividends. Value investing focuses on avoiding risk rather than growth investing, though value investors want to buy stocks when they consider the stock a price-neutral deal.
Growth Investors look for exceptionally high growth companies, hoping to gain the highest appreciation on stock prices. They are generally less concerned with dividend income and are interested in investing in relatively young companies. Technology stocks are often favored by growth investors due to the potential for growth.

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